Reporting on the conflict between the mega mining project Conga and the people of Cajamarca, Peru
Amnesty International have denounced the “arbitrary detention, excessive use of force, torture and other ill-treatment” by the security forces during protests against mining projects in Peru.
In its report on the state of human rights in the world in 2012 presented in London, AI also noted that progress in cases of human rights violations related to the internal armed conflict (1980-2000) “was slow” and expresses concern relating to the lack of consultation with indigenous peoples.
AI records that at least 30 members of the security forces were killed and dozens injured in clashes with remaining elements of the armed group Shining Path, and Florindo Eleuterio Flores Hala (known as “Comrade Artemio”) was arrested in February.
Among other cases of violence, AI mentions six men, one aged 17, who died “by shooting allegedly carried out by security forces” in Espinar, in the department of Cusco, and in Celendin, in the department of Cajamarca, and Nemesio Poma, who died in a demonstration against a mining company in Huaraz, in the department of Ancash.
The NGO also claims that human rights defenders were “victims of threats, arbitrary detention and ill-treatment”.
AI highlights the cases of human rights defender Amparo Abanto, attorney for the local NGO Training and Intervention Group for Sustainable Development (GRUFIDES) and Genoveva Gomez, an employee of the Peruvian Ombudsman, who were allegedly beaten by Cajamarca police department.
Both had tried to contact people arrested during protests against a mining project.
The Amnesty report points out that despite the fact that in May Congress passed legislation granting access to redress for all victims of sexual violence during the internal armed conflict, by the end of the year this standard had not yet entered into force.
AI is also concerned that women and girls encounter impediments in accessing sexual and reproductive rights.
The humanitarian organization also expressed concern that the consultation process with indigenous peoples to draft the Law on the Right to Prior Consultation with Indigenous or Native Peoples was “insufficient”.
The AI report notes that although Peru ratified in September the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, by the end of the year it had not recognized the competence of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances to consider individual communications.
Original post in Spanish: http://celendinlibre.wordpress.com/2012/page/40/
Link to Amnesty International Report: http://amnesty.org/en/region/peru/report-2013
(The police assault the family of Joselito Vázquez, durante at his funeral. He was one of the fatal victims in the protests against the Conga mining project in Cajamarca, Perú. Photo: Ernesto Benavídez.)
(Ex Catholic priest Marco Arana was arrested and beaten during the state of emergency in Cajamarca for sitting on a bench holding a sign saying ‘Conga No Va’. Photo: Emol)
(A man is shot by the security forces while protesting against the Conga mining project. Photo: http://caballeroredverde.blogspot.com/2012/07/la-nueva-mineria-segun-ollanta-humala.html)